Research

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Our goal in pediatric orthopedics research is to find the best methods for treating orthopedic injuries and conditions in children.

We conduct research as part of the Children's Foundation Research Institute (CFRI), which is a partnership between Le Bonheur, The University of Tennessee Health Science Center (UTHSC) and the Children's Foundation of Memphis. We are committed to discovering the best ways to care for kids.

All of our physician researchers and fellows are members of Campbell Clinic Orthopedics, which has been committed to orthopedics research and clinical care for more than 60 years.

Our research work

  • Spine research: Le Bonheur is a core member of the Pediatric Spine Study Group, an organization that supports research on current and emerging growth-friendly treatments for scoliosis and chest wall deformities - VEPTR, MAGEC Rods, Vertebral Body Tethering and ApiFix. The group has published more than 50 articles related to severe spinal deformity in growing children. Additional spine research includes studies on scoliosis and spinal tumors in children.
  • Trauma research: Le Bonheur is an ACS Level 1 Pediatric Trauma Center. Our research supports ACS trauma certification and has led to multiple publications on orthopedic trauma including ATV safety.
  • Hip research: As members of the International Perthes Study Group, we are collaborating with physicians and researchers from all over the world to advance the knowledge and treatment of the disease. We are also members of the SCFE Longitudinal International Prospective Registry (SLIP).
  • General orthopedics research: We have a variety of other active studies including upper and lower extremity, musculoskeletal conditions and general orthopedics areas. 
  • CORTICES Research Group: Our pediatric orthopedic surgeons participate in this collaboration with the goals of improving quality, safety and value for emergent orthopedic conditions. Le Bonheur and Campbell Clinic Pediatric Orthopedic Surgeon David Spence, MD, serves as an investigator in this collaboration.
  • PediFoRG (Pediatric Foot Research Group): This research group strives to provide education and research on pediatric foot deformities. Le Bonheur and Campbell Clinic Pediatric Orthopedic Surgeon Derek Kelly, MD, serves as representative to this research group.

Our accomplishments

  • More than 30 active pediatric orthopedics studies
  • Hundreds of published prospective and retrospective studies, case reports, technique papers and presentations
  • Active collaboration with other children’s hospitals and organizations around the country to add to the knowledge base for pediatric orthopedics

Recent publications

Our latest published research from 2020 to present includes:

Original Publications

  • Brown DW, Iorio TJ, Mosher ZA, Beaty, JH, Warner WC, Sawyer JR, Spence DD, Sheffer BW, Kelly DM. Intra-observer and Inter-observer Reliability of the Peritubercle Lucency Sign in Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis. 2021 Mar 1;41(3):159-163. doi: 10.1097/BPO .0000000000001733. PMID: 33332871
  • Kelly DM. A Foot to Last a Lifetime-Is Hindfoot Fusion Ever Appropriate for Pediatric Orthopaedic Conditions? J Pediatr Orthop. 2021 July1;41(Supp1):S39-S46.doi: 10.1097/BPO.0000000000001777. PMID: 34096536
  • Laine JC, Novotny SA, Tis JE, Sankar WN, Martin BD, Kelly DM, Gilbert SR, Shah H, Joseph B, Kim HKW; International Perthes Study Group. Demographics and Clinical Presentation of Early-Stage Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease: A Prospective, Multicenter, International Study. J Am Acad Ortho Surg. 2021 Jan15;29(2):e85-e91. doi: 10.5435/JAAOS-D-19-00379. PMID: 32868700
  • Lomax JL, Romer KR, Rhodes L, Sheffer BW, Cao X, Spence DD, Steele J, Warner WC, Kelly DM. Factors That Influence Acquisition of Lower Extremity Braces in the Pediatric Orthopaedic Population. In Press with J Pediatr Orthop
  • McDonald TC, Heffernan MJ, Ramo B, Haber L, Sheffer B, Murphy J, Murphy R, Fletcher N, Coyne K, Lubicky J, Bumpass DB, Crawford C 3rd, Carreon L, Toner S, Stafford WH, Poppino K, Adams T, Song BM, Gidwani S, Taillac H, Cornaghie M, Sukkarieh H, Wright PB, Conklin M, Gilbert S, Thimothee J, Bhanat E, Brooks JT; Pediatric Orthopaedic Obesity Research Consortium. Surgical Outcomes of Obese Patients From Endemic Areas of Obesity in the United States. J Pediatr Orthop. 2021 Aug 31. doi: 10.1097/BPO.0000000000001958. Online ahead of print. PMID: 34469396
  • Pattisapu N, Elrod R, Piana L, Sheffer BS, Sawyer JR, Spence DD, Beaty JH, Warner WC, Kelly DM. Infection Trends After Open Fractures in Pediatric Patients: A Study of Data Over 11 Years. Accepted to JSOA around 3/21/21
  • Rambo A, McGee TS, Spence DD, Sheffer BW, Kelly DM, Beaty JH. "RAMBO" Lesions: Radiographic Anomalies Missed By Orthopaedists. JPOSNA. Vol 3, No 1: pp. 1-8.(2021):February 2021
  • Sheffer BW, Kelly DM, Spence DD, Walker KL, Westbrooks TJ, Palm PH, Nolan VG, Sawyer JR. Can Pediatric Orthopaedic Surgery Be Done Safety In a Freestanding Ambulatory Surgery Center? Review of 3780 Cases. J Pediatr Orthop. 2021 Jan;41(1):385-e89. doi: 10.1097/BPO.0000000000001670. PMID: 32852367
  • Shore B, Mulpuri K, Spence DD, Shrader W. Radiographic Hip Screening in Cerebral Palsy: Developing POSNA Wide Consensus. JPOSNA. Vol 3/ No1; pp. 1-13. (2021):February 2021
  • Spence DD (FACTS). Changes in Superior Displacement, Angulation, and Shortening in the Early Phase of Healing for Completely Displaced Midshaft Clavicle Fractures in Adolescents: Results from a Prospective, Multicenter Study. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2021 Jun 2:S1058-2746(21)00473-0. doi: 10.1016/j.jse.2021.05.006. Online ahead of print. PMID: 34089880
  • Stewart RJ, Strickland CD, Sawyer JR, Kumar P, Gungor B, Longjohn M, Kelly DM, Kink RJ. Hunger Games: Impact of Fasting Guidelines for Orthopaedic Procedural Sedation in the Pediatric Emergency Department. j of Emerg Med. 2021 Apr;60(4):436-443. doi: 10.1016/j.jemermed.2020.10.038. PMID: 33323292
  • Ellis HB, Li Y, Bae DS, Kalish LA, Wilson PL, Pennock AT, Nepple JJ, Willimon Sc, Spence DD, Pandya NK; FACTS Study Group, Kocher MS, Edmonds EW, Farley FA, Gordon JE, Kelly DM, Busch MT, Sabatini CS, Heyword BE. Descriptive Epidemiology of Adolescent Clavicle Fractures: Results from the FACTS (Function after Adolescent Clavicle Trauma and Surgery) Prospective, Multicenter Cohort Study. Orthop J Sports Med. 2020 May 29;8(5):2325967120921344
  • Fournier MN, Neel R, Spence DD, Sawyer JR, Sheffer BW, Kelly DM. Initial Evaluation by a Non-Surgeon Provider Does Not Delay the Surgical Care of Pediatric Forearm and Elbow Trauma in a Walk-In Orthopaedic Clinic. Cureus 12(5):e8139. doi:10.7759/cureus.8139. PMID: 32550059
  • Fournier MN, Sinclair MR, Zheng ET, Spiegel DA, Johnson AL, Shaw AS, Riccio AI, Elliott ME, Bae DS, Sawyer JR. The Frequency of Mediastinal Injury in Acute Posterior Sternoclavicular Dislocations: A Multicenter Study. J Pediatr Orthop. Nov/Dec 2020;40(10):e927-e931. doi: 10.1097/BPO.0000000000001649. PMID: 32804865
  • Jasty NM, FACTS Study Group (Spence DD), Heyworth BE. Evaluation and Management of Mid-Shaft Clavicle Fractures in Adolescents. JPOSNA, Nov. 2020;2(3):1-13
  • Koehler RJ, Shore BJ, Hedequest D, Heyworth BE, May C, Miller PE, Rademacher ES, Sanborn RM, Murphy JS, Roseman A, Stoneback JW, Trizno AA, Goldstein RY, Harris L, Nielsen E, Talwar D, Denning JR, Saaed N, Kutz B, Laine JC, Naas M, Truong WH, Rotando M, Spence DD, Brighton BK, Churchill C, Janicki JA, King K, Wild J, Beebe AC, Crouse S, Rough T, Rowan M, Singh S, Davis-Juarez A, Gould A, Hughes O, Rickert KD, Upasani VV, Blumberg TJ, Bompadre V, Lindberg AW, Miller ML, Hill JF, Peoples H, Rosenfeld SB, Turner R, Copley LA, Lindsay EA, Ramo BA, Tareen N, Winberly RL, Li GY, Sessel J, Johnson ME, Johnson S, Moore-Lotridge SN, Shelton J, Baldwin KD, Schoenecker JG; Children’s Orthopaedic Trauma and Infection Consortium for Evidence Based Study (CORTICES) Group. Defining the volume of consultations for musculoskeletal infection encountered by pediatric orthopaedic services in the United States. PLoS One. 2020 Jun 4;15(6):e0234055. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0234055. Erratum in: PLoS One. 2020 Aug 13;15(8):e0237942. PMID: 32497101
  • Lin L, Jiao Y, Luo XG, Zhang JZ, Yin HL, Ma L, Chen BR, Kelly DM, Gu WK, Chen H. Modified Technique of Advanced Cored Decompression for Treatment of Femoral Head Osteonecrosis. World J Clin Cases. 2020 July 6;8(13):2749-2757. doi:10.12998/wjcc.v8.i13.2749. PMID: 32742985
  • Lui W, Jiao Y, Tian C, Hasty K, Song L, Kelly DM, Chen H, Gu W, Liu S. Gene Expression Profiling Studies Using Microarray in Osteoarthritis: Genes in Common and Different and Conditions. Arch Immunol Ther Exp 2020 Sep 10;68(5):28. doi: 10.1007/s00005-020-00592-4. PMID: 32914280
  • Martin BD, Kelly DM, Nolan VG, Matthews A, Flournory J, Kim H. Does Participation in a Multicenter Study Group Affect Physician Treatment Preference? A Survey of Participants. Curr Orthop Prac. 31(6):565-570. November/December 2020. doi: 10.1097/BCO.0000000000000937
  • Matsumoto H, Hyman JE, Shah HH, Sankar WN, Laine JC, Mehlman CT, Schrader T, Kelly DM, Rosenfeld SB, Janicki JA, Thacker MM, Trupia E, Mcquire MF, Kim HKW; International Perthes Study Group. Validation of Pediatric Self-Report Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) Measures in Different Stages of Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease. J Pediatr Orthop. 2020 May/Jun;40(5):235-249. doi: 10.1097/BPO.0000000000001423. PMID: 31318732
  • Mauck BM, Kelly DM, Sheffer BW, Rambo A, Calandruccio JH. Gymnast's Wrist. Orthop Cln North Am. 2020 Oct;51(4):394-497. doi: 10.1016/j.ocl.2020.06.012. Epub 2020 Aug 13. PMID: 32950218
  • Mo AZ, Miller PE, Glotzbecker MP, Li Y, Fletcher ND, Upasani W, Riccio Al, Kresko MT, Krengel WF, Spence DD, Garg S, Hedequist DJ. The Reliability of AOSpine Thoracolumbar Classification System in Children: Results of a Multicenter Study. J Pediatr Orthop. 2020 May/Jun;40(5):e352-e356. doi: 10.1097/BPO.0000000000001521. PMID: 32032218
  • Murphy RF, Barfield WR, Emans JB, Akbarnia B, Thompson G, Sponseller P, Skaggs D, Marks D, Smith JR, Flynn J, Presson A, Sawyer JR, Johnston C. Minimum 5-Year Follow-up on Graduates of Growing Spine Surgery for Early Onset Scoliosis. J Pediatr Orthop. 2020 Nov/Dec 2020;40(10):e942-e946. doi: 10.1097/BPO.0000000000001646. PMID: 32773654
  • Murphy RF, Barfield WR, St. Hilaire T, Smith JT, Emans JB, Samdani A, Garg S, Sawyer JR, Pahys JM; Children's Spine Study Group. Prospectively Collected Surgeon Indications for Discontinuation of a Lengthening Program for Early-onset Scoliosis. Spine Deform. 2020 Feb;8(1):129-133. Epub 2020 Jan 24. PMID: 31981149
  • Murphy RF, Williams D, Hogue GD, Spence DD, Epps H, Chambers HG, Shore BJ, Prophylaxis for Pediatric Venous Thromboembolism: Current Status and Changes Across Pediatric Orthopaedic Society of North America from 2011. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2020 May 1;28(9):388-394. doi: 10.5435/JAAOS-D-D-19-00578. PMID: 32011545
  • Nelson KL, Locke LL, Rhodes LM, Mabry WA, Sawyer JR, Warner WC, Jones T, Spence DD, Kelly DM. Evaluation of Outcomes Before and After Implementation of a Standardized Postoperative Care Pathway in Pediatric Posterior Spinal Fusion Patients. Orthopaedic Nursing, 2020 Jul/Aug;39(4):257-263. doi:10.1097/NOR.0000000000000678. PMID: 32701784
  • Richardson SM, Dove JH, Beaty JH, Sheffer BW, Spence DD, Warner WC Jr, Sawyer JR, Kelly DM. Flexible Intramedullary Nailing of Femoral Shaft Fractures: Closed Versus Open Reduction. J Pediatr Orthop B. Sept 2020, Vol 29, No 5, P472-477. doi: 10.1097/BPB.0000000000000685. PMID: 31651747
  • Roye BD, Marciano G, Matsumoto H, Fields MW, Campbell M, White KK, Sawyer JR, Smith JT, Luhmann S, Sturm P, Sponseller P, Vitale MG, Growing Spine Study Group, Children's Spine Study Group. Is Rod Diameter Associated with the Rate of Rod Fracture I Patients Treated With Magnetically Controlled Growing Rods? Spine Deform. 2020 Dec;8(6):1375-1384. doi: 10.1007/s43390-020-00161-x. Epub 2020 Jun 19. PMID: 32562099
  • Sheffer BW, Villarreal ED, Ochsner MG 3rd, Sawyer JR, Spence DD, Kelly DM. Concurrent Ipsilateral Tibial Shaft and Distal Tibial Fractures in Pediatric Patients: Risk Factors, Frequency, and Risk of Missed Diagnosis. J Pediatr Orthop. 2020 Jan;40(1):e1-e5. doi:10.1097/BPO/.0000000000001384. PMID: 30969196
  • Villarreal ED, Wrenn JO, Sheffer BW, Sawyer JR, Spence DD, Kelly DM. Do Patient-specific of Fracture-specific Factors Predict the Development of Acute Compartment Syndrome After Pediatric Tibial Shaft Fractures? J Pediatr Orthop. 2020 Mar;40(3):e193-e197. doi: 10.1097/BPO.0000000000001410. [Epub ahead of print]. PMID: 31157755
  • Wu JC, Daley E, Koueiter DM, Lilly R, Vara AD, Settecerri JJ. Operating Room Intervention Rates After Orthopaedic Resident-reduced Pediatric Both-Bone Forearm Fractures Relative to the Academic Calendar. J Pediatr Orthop. 2020 May/Jun;40(5):228-234. doi: 10.1097/BPO.0000000000001441. PMID: 31425402

Review Articles

  • Kelly DM, Mahmoud K, Mauck BM. Polydactyly of the Foot: A Review. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2021 May1;39(9):361-369. Online ahead of print. PMID: 33443388

Editorials

  • Roye B, Marciano G, Matsumoto H, Fields MW, Campbell M, White KK, Sawyer J, Smith JT, Luhmann S, Sturm P, Sponseller P, Vitale MG; Growing Spine Study Group, Children’s Spine Study Group. Author's Response to Letter to the Editor Regarding "Is Rod Diameter Associated with the Rate of Rod Fracture in Patients Treated with Magnetically Controlled Growing Rods?" Spine Deform. 2021 May 31. doi: 10.1007/s43390-021-00355-x. Online ahead of print. PMID: 34057702
  • Sawyer JR. Radiation Reduction Strategies in Pediatric Orthopaedics. J Pediatr Orthop. 2021 Jul 1;41(Supp1):S75-S79. doi: 10.1097/BPO.0000000000001822. PMID: 34096542
  • Chen AF, Dulai SK, Grewal R, Kelly DM, Lee M, Leucht P, Mir H. The 2019 American-British-Canadian (ABC) Traveling Fellowship. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2020 Jan2;102(1):e1. doi:10.2106/JBJS.19,01000. No abstract available. PMID: 31596817
  • Kelly DM, Sawyer JR, Lane JC, Gilber Sr, Frick S. From the Ground Up: Building a Pediatric Orthopedic Clinical Research Program. J of the Ped Orthop Soc of N Am. Nov 2020;2(3)

Podium Presentations

Original Research

  • Spence DD (FACTS Study Group). Operative Versus Non-operative Treatment of Z-type, Comminuted Fractures in Adolescents: A Sub-stratified Cohort Analysis. AAOS, Aug. 31- Sept. 3, 2021, San Diego
  • Spence DD (FACTS Study Group). Operative Versus Non-operative Treatment of Z-type, Comminuted Fractures in Adolescents: A Sub-stratified Cohort Analysis. OTA, Oct. 20-23, 2021, Fort Worth
  • Spence DD (FACTS Study Group). Operative Versus Non-operative Treatment of Z-type, Comminuted Fractures in Adolescents: A Sub-stratified Cohort Analysis. POSNA, May 12-15, 2021, Dallas, TX
  • Spence DD, CORTICES Group. Who Will Need a Second Surgery? A Study of Cases of Isolated Septic Arthritis from the CORTICES Database. AAOS, Aug. 31-Sept. 3, 2021, San Diego
  • Spence DD, FACTS Group Operative versus Non-operative Treatment of Severely Shortened or Comminuted Clavicle Fractures in Older Adolescent Athletes: Results from a Prospective, Multicenter, Level 2 Cohort Study. OTA, May 12-15, 2021, Dallas
  • Spence DD, FACTS Group, Operative versus Non-operative Treatment of Severely Shortened or Comminuted Clavicle Fractures in Older Adolescent Athletes: Results from a Prospective, Multicenter, Level 2 Cohort Study. POSNA, Oct. 20-23, 2021, Fort Worth
  • Spence DD, FACTS Group. Changes in Superior Displacement, Angulation, and Shortening in the Early Phase of Healing for Completely Displaced Midshaft Clavicle Fractures in Adolescents: Results from a Prospective, Multicenter Study, OTA, May 12-15, 2021, Dallas
  • Spence DD, FACTS Group. Changes in Superior Displacement, Angulation, and Shortening in the Early Phase of Healing for Completely Displaced Midshaft Clavicle Fractures in Adolescents: Results from a Prospective, Multicenter Study, POSNA, May 12-15, 2021, Dallas
  • Spence DD, FACTS Group. Operative Versus Non-operative Treatment of Severely Shortened or Comminuted Clavicle Fractures in Older Adolescent Athletes: Results from a Prospective, Multicenter, Level 2 Cohort Study, AAOS, Aug. 31-Sept. 3, 2021, San Diego
  • Spence DD, FACTS Group. Operative versus Non-operative Treatment of Severely Shortened or Comminuted Clavicle Fractures in Older Adolescent Athletes: Results from a Prospective, Multicenter, Level 2 Cohort Study, AOSSM, July 8-11, 2021, Nashville
  • Spence DD, FACTS Group. Variation in Treatment Approaches to Adolescent Midshaft Clavicle Fractures in Pediatric versus Adult Hospitals. AAOS, Aug. 31-Sept. 3, 2021, San Diego
  • Spence DD, FACTS Study Group. Operative vs. Nonoperative of Z-Type Comminuted Clavicle Fractures in Adolescents: A Substratified Cohort Analysis. AAOS, Aug. 31-Sept. 3, 2021, San Diego
  • Spence DD, Wilson P, Bea D, Busch M, Edmonds E, Ellis H, Hergott K, Kocher M, Li Y, Loitta E, Nepple J, Pandya N, Pennock A, Perkins C, Sabatini C, Williams D, Willimon S.. Operative Versus Non-operative Treatment of Severely Shortened or Comminuted Clavicle Fractures in Older Adolescent Athletes: Results from a Prospective, Multicenter, Level 2 Cohort Study. PRiSM 8th Annual Virtual Meeting, Jan. 27-30, 2021
  • Cope S, Kelly DM, Sawyer JR, Sheffer BW, Spence DD, Wideman M. Early Failure of Proximal Femoral Locking Compression Plates in Pediatric Proximal Femur Fractures. POSNA, May 13-16, 2020, San Diego
  • Fournier MN, Zheng, Bae, Riccio, Sinclair, Elliot, Shah, Spiegel, Johnson, Sawyer JR. The Frequency of Mediastinal Injury in Acute Posterior Sternoclavicular Fracture-Dislocation: A Multicenter Study. AAOS, March 23-28, 2020, Orlando
  • Sawyer JR, (PSSG). Revision Rates of 5-year Minimum Graduates of Growing Surgery for Early Onset Scoliosis. SRS, Sept. 9-12, 2020, Phoenix, AZ
  • Sheffer BW, Stafford, Brooks. The Effects of Obesity and Poverty on Perioperative Complications in AIS: A Multi-Center Analysis. SRS, Sept. 9-12, 2020, Phoenix, AZ
  • Strickland C, Kink R, Stewart R, Gungor B, Kumar P, Sawyer JR, Kelly DM., Hunger Games: Impact of Fasting Guidelines for Orthopaedic Procedural Sedation in the Pediatric Emergency Department. AAOS, March 23-28, 2020, Orlando
  • Strickland CD, Steward RJ, Kink RJ, Sawyer Jr, Kumar P, Gungor B, Kelly DM. Hunger Games: Impact of Fasting Guidelines for Orthopaedic Procedural Sedation in the Pediatric Emergency Department (PED). POSNA Annual Virtual Meeting Live Session. Clinical Award Paper Nominee. May 13, 2020

Instructional Course Lecture

  • Kelly DM (Moderator). Managing Pediatric Emergencies: A Case-Based Discussion. AAOS, Aug. 31- Sept. 3, 2021, San Diego

Expert Opinion

  • Kelly DM (Moderator). Foot Subspecialty Day. POSNA, May 12-15, 2021, Dallas, TX
  • McCarthy JJ, Parsons TW, Skaggs DL, Beaty JH (Moderator). Preparing and Delivering the Orthopaedic Lecture: Tips and Pearls. AAOS, March 23-28, 2020, Orlando

Posters

  • Long H, Rhodes L, Romer KR, Spence DD, Warner WC. Vocal Development in at Risk Patients with Cerebral Palsy. American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. Nov. 18-20, 2021, Washington DC
  • Rhodes L, Romer KR, Friener L, Warner WC, Spence DD. Augmentative and Alterative Communication (AAC) Clinic. AACPDM, Oct. 6-9, 2021, Quebec City
  • Rhodes L, Romer KR, Peacock E. Warner WC, Spence DD. The Implementation of an Equipment Closet. AACPDM, Oct. 6-9, 2021, Quebec City
  • Spence DD, FACTS Group. Changes in Superior Displacement, Angulation, and Shortening in the Early Phase of Healing for Completely Displaced Midshaft Clavicle Fractures in Adolescents: Results from a Prospective, Multicenter Study, PRiSM, Jan. 28-30, 2021, Virtual
  • Spence DD, FACTS Group. Variation in Treatment Approaches to Adolescent Midshaft Clavicle Fractures in Pediatric versus Adult Hospitals, PRiSM, Jan. 28-30, 2021, Virtual
  • Cope S, Kelly DM, Sawyer JR, Sheffer BW, Spence DD, Wideman M. Early Failure of Proximal Femoral Locking Compression Plates in Pediatric Proximal Femur Fractures. ePoster, EPOS, July 8-11, 2020, Portugal
  • Galvan F, Owens A, Romer KR, Rhodes L, Spence DD, Warner WC. Motor Learning Labs: Connecting Developmental Movement with Academic Achievement. AACPDM, Sept. 23-26, 2020
  • Long H, Oller DK, Friener L, Romer KR, Rhodes L, Spence DD, Warner WC. Pre-speech and Early Speech Development of Young Children Diagnosed with Cerebral Palsy. AACPDM, Sept.23-26, 2020
  • Rhodes L, Romer KR, Spence DD, Warner WC. Implementing Influenza Vaccinations in a Multi-Disciplinary Cerebral Palsy Clinic. AACPDM, Sept. 23-26, 2020
  • Sawyer JR (PSSG). Changing Practice in Early Onset Scoliosis. ePoster. SRS Conference, Sept. 9-12, 2020, Phoenix, AZ
  • Sawyer JR, PSSG. Rod Diameter Does Not Influence Rod Fracture Rate After Surgical Treatment Using Magnetically Controlled Growing Rods. AAOS, March 23-28, 2020, Orlando
  • Sawyer JR, Toye, Marciano, Campbell, Matsumoto, White, Smith, Luhmann, Sturn, Sponseller, Vitale. Relationship Between Body Mass, Rod Diameter, and Rod Fracture in Magnetically Controlled Growing Rods. AAOS, March 23-28, 2020, Orlando, FL

Research Grants

  • Long Term Outcomes and Quality of Life Measures of EOS Patients. From Depuy Synthes Spine. $47,500 (JRS) (2019‐2021)
  • Long Term (> 10 year) Assessment of Outcomes from Surgical Treatment of Early Onset Scoliosis: Development of Methodology and Outcomes Assessment Tools. From Pediatric Orthopaedic Society Mircrogrant. $3,000 (JRS) (2018‐2019)
  • The Treatment of Pediatric Diaphyseal Femur Fractures: A Clinical Trial Planning Grant. From Pediatric Orthopaedic Society of American. $30,000 (JRS) (2017‐2019)

Textbooks

  • Kelly DM. Congenital and Developmental Abnormalities of the Hip and Pelvis. In Campbell's Orthopaedic Operative 14th edition, 2021. Beaty JH, Azar FM (eds.)
  • Kelly DM. Congenital Anomalies of the Lower Extremity. In Campbell's Orthopaedic Operative 14th edition, 2021. Beaty JH, Azar FM (eds.)
  • Sawyer JR, Spence DD. Fractures and Dislocation in Children. In Campbell's Orthopaedic Operative 14th edition, 2021. Beaty JH, Azar FM (eds.)
  • Sheffer BW. Osteochondrosis or Epiphysitis and Other Miscellaneous Affections. In Campbell's Orthopaedic Operative 14th edition, 2021. Beaty JH, Azar FM (eds.)
  • Spence DD, Sheffer BW. Cerebral Palsy. In Campbell's Orthopaedic Operative 14th edition, 2021. Beaty JH, Azar FM (eds.)
  • Warner WC Jr, Beaty JH. Paralytic Disorders. In Campbell's Orthopaedic Operative 14th edition, 2021. Beaty JH, Azar FM (eds.)
  • Warner WC Jr, Sawyer JR. Neuromuscular Disorders. In Campbell's Orthopaedic Operative 14th edition, 2021. Beaty JH, Azar FM (eds.)
  • Warner WC Jr, Sawyer JR. Scoliosis and Kyphosis. In Campbell's Orthopaedic Operative 14th edition, 2021. Beaty JH, Azar FM (eds.)
  • Warner WC Jr. Pediatric Cervical Spine. In Campbell's Orthopaedic Operative 14th edition, 2021. Beaty JH, Azar FM (eds.)
  • Kelly DM, Kramer D. Chest, Shoulder, and Upper Arm. In Noonan K, Kocher M, Eds. Pediatric Musculoskeletal Physical Diagnosis: A Video-Enhanced Guide 1st Edition. Wolters Kluwer Publishers. 2021
  • Kramer D, Kelly DM. Orthopaedic Examination of the Pediatric Patient: Chest, Shoulder, and Upper Arm. In Ken Noonan, Min Kocher, eds. Physical Examination for Pediatric and Adolescent Musculoskeletal Disorders: A Media-enhanced Guide for Diagnosis and Next Steps. Wolters Kluwer, 2020

*updated October 2021